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Example: Plain Old Static HTML

The best indicator of a healthy development workflow is a short feedback loop.

Kubernetes is a huge wrench in the works.

Let’s fix this.

In this example, we’re going to take you through a very simple shell script that serves static HTML.

We’ll use Tilt to:

  • Run the server on Kubernetes
  • Measure the time from a code change to a new process
  • Optimize that time for faster feedback

Obviously, this is a silly example. But it can be a useful example to confirm that Tilt is working as expected in your environment.

All the code is in this repo:


To skip straight to the fully optimized setup, go to this subdirectory:

Recommended Setup

Step 0: The Simplest Deployment

Our server is a two-line shell script:

echo "Serving files on port 8000"
busybox httpd -f -p 8000

To start this server on Kubernetes, we need three config files:

1) A Dockerfile that builds the image

2) A Kubernetes deployment that runs the image

3) And finally, a Tiltfile that ties them together:

docker_build('example-html-image', '.')
k8s_resource('example-html', port_forwards=8000)

The first line tells Tilt to build an image with the name example-html-image in the current directory.

The second line tells Tilt to load the Kubernetes Deployment YAML. The image name in the docker_build call must match the container image reference in the example-html Deployment.

The last line configures port-forwarding so that your server is reachable at localhost:8000. The resource name in the k8s_resource call must match the Deployment’s metadata.name in kubernetes.yaml.

Try it! Run:

git clone https://github.com/tilt-dev/tilt-example-html
cd tilt-example-html/0-base
tilt up

Tilt will open a browser showing the web UI, a unified view that shows you app status and logs. Your terminal will also turn into a status box if you’d like to watch your server come up there.

When it’s ready, you will see the status icon turn green. The logs in the bottom pane will display “Serving files on port 8000.”

The server is up! (Click the screenshot to see an interactive view.)

Step 1: Let’s Add Benchmark Trickery

Before we try to make this faster, let’s measure it.

Using local_resource, you can direct Tilt to execute existing scripts or arbitrary shell commands on your own machine, and manage them from your sidebar like any other Tilt resource. We’re going to use this functionality to benchmark our deployments.

We added a local_resource to our Tiltfile that records when an update starts.

k8s_resource('example-html', port_forwards=8000, resource_deps=['deploy'])

# Records the time from a code change to a new process.
# Normally, you would let Tilt do deploys automatically, but this
# shows you how to set up a custom workflow that measures it.
  'date +%s > start-time.txt')

The local_resource() call creates a local resource named deploy. The second argument is the script that it runs.

We’ve also modified our server itself to read that start time and print the time elapsed.

Let’s click the button on the deploy resource and see what happens!

Clicking the button triggers the 'deploy' local_resource, which in turn kicks off an update to the server. (Click the screenshot to see an interactive view.)
Approach Deploy Time1
Naive 1-2s

If you look closely, the elapsed time displayed in the Tilt sidebar is different than the benchmark our app logged. That’s OK! In multi-service development, there are many benchmarks we care about – the time to build the image, the time to schedule the process, and the time until the server is ready to serve traffic.

Tilt offers you some default benchmarks, and the tools to capture your own.

Our benchmarks show this is a bit slow. Can we do better?

Step 2: Let’s Optimize It

When we make a change to a file, we currently have to build an image, deploy new Kubernetes configs, and wait for Kubernetes to schedule the pod.

With Tilt, we can skip all of these steps, and instead live_update the pod in place.

Here’s our new Tiltfile with the following new code:

# Add a live_update rule to our docker_build.
docker_build('example-html-image', '.', live_update=[
  sync('.', '/app'),
  run('sed -i "s/Hello cats/Congratulations, you set up live_update/g" index.html'),

We’ve added a new parameter to docker_build() with three live_update steps.

The first step syncs the code from the current directory (.) into the container at directory /app.

The second step runs our script to report the deployment time.

The third step congratulates you on finishing this guide!

Let’s see what this new configuration looks like in action:

The result of a live_update. (Click the screenshot to see an interactive view.)

Tilt was able to update the container in less than a second!

Our Recommendation

Final Score

Approach Deploy Time
Naive 1-2s
With live_update 0-1s

You can try the server here:

Recommended Structure

Further Reading


Once you’re done configuring your project, set up a CI test to ensure your setup doesn’t break! In the example repo, CircleCI uses ctlptl to create a single-use Kubernetes cluster. The test script invokes tilt ci. The tilt ci command deploys all services in a Tiltfile and exits successfully if they’re healthy.

Other examples

Obviously, our busybox example is very silly. We just wanted to show you how Tilt can work with any language, even a silly one.

  1. Tilt’s first deployment of a service takes a few seconds longer than subsequent ones, due to some behind-the-scenes setup. Measurements in this guide focus on non-initial builds. 


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